Ovarian Cyst And Pregnancy : The Facts

By Amanda Clark

An Ovarian Cyst and Pregnancy is not that strange of a combination. Ovarian cysts are a natural occurrence of the pregnancy cycle. A cyst is a closed sac that forms in the body. Ovarian cysts begin in the ovaries and can contain tissue, fluid, or blood. Cysts that form during pregnancy normally have fluid in them.

Ovarian cysts are classified into different types. For childbearing women, most cysts are what's called functional. A functional cyst is the result of the natural functions of the ovary. Women who use birth control disrupt the natural function and do not have as many cysts. There are two types of functional ovarian cysts.

The corpus lutuem is a main function for pregnancy. It is released from the ovaries after the egg and distributes progesterone. The corpus luteum ranges from 2cm to 6cm and dissolves naturally. It can develop into a cyst, especially when it is larger. Any symptoms it causes normally diminish by the second trimester.

The follicle holding the egg released from the ovaries can also develop into a cyst. This type of cyst is called a follicular cyst. In a pregnancy this type of cyst occurs when multiple eggs are released. The unfertilized egg may become a follicular cyst. When there are symptoms they may persist into the second trimester.

Even though these functional cysts are rather normal, they can case pain. Cysts that grow to large are able to rupture. Ruptured cysts can cause several hours of pain. Cysts can also attach to other surfaces and twist. Twisting cuts of blood supply causing nausea and pain.

Some cysts develop into a serious disease called ovarian cancer. As ovarian cancer mostly affects women in menopause, it is rare in pregnancy. It should not be a worry, but many doctors will check for cancerous cysts. - 30540

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