Diabetes Exams and Tests

By Jason Myers

The most fundamental test to determine whether or not one is afflicted with diabetes is to check if they manifest the signs of either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include unexplained thirst, increased appetite or urination, weight loss and blurred vision. The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes include excessive weight loss, tiredness, increased thirst, urination, vomiting and nausea.

You also have to consult a medical practitioner for the two different tests to determine your blood glucose level. A urine analysis may be used to look for glucose and ketones from the breakdown of fat. However, this test alone is not sufficient in determining whether you have diabetes or not.

Your doctor will also perform one of the following blood tests to diagnose diabetes:

1. Fasting blood glucose level ? The doctor will diagnose diabetes if higher than 126 mg/dL even when the test is repeated. Levels between 100 and 126 mg/dL are called as impaired fasting glucose or pre-diabetes. They are regarded to be risk factors for Type 2 diabetes and its complications.

2. Oral glucose tolerance test ? The physician will confirm diabetes if your glucose level yields at least 200 mg/dL after 2 hours. (This test is used more for Type 2 diabetes.)

3. Random (non-fasting) blood glucose level ? The doctor will diagnose diabetes if higher than 200 mg/dL and if you exhibit diabetes symptoms like increased thirst, frequent urge to urinate, and fatigue. (This exam must be confirmed with a fasting blood glucose test.)

These tests serve as guide in determining your blood glucose level which should fall between 90 and 120 if you are diabetes free. Those whose levels fall within the range 121 and 130 are considered borderline diabetic while those with levels higher than 130 will be diagnosed with diabetes. Remember these informations and keep them in a safe place! - 30540

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